The articles published in the Journal of Mathematics Instruction, Social Research and Opinion (MISRO) will be considered retracted in the publication if:
- They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error)
- the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
- it constitutes plagiarism
- it reports unethical research
The retraction mechanism follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) 's Retraction Guidelines, which you can access at https://publicationethics.org/files/retraction%20guidelines.pdf.