Mastering Vocabulary with Flashcards: Unveiling Their Impact on Learning




Flashcards, Improving Vocabulary Mastery, Quantitative Research


This research aimed to discover how using flashcards affected seventh-grade SMP Negeri 2 Toili students' vocabulary growth. The research design used quantitative research. The researcher employed a complete sampling approach to choose the sample. A sample of 42 students was chosen for this research. The research conducted pre- and post-tests to collect data. According to the Paired Sample Statistics table, the average student score for the experimental class is equivalent to the post-test results, which are 86.67 points greater than the pre-test result of 64.76. Given that the significance (2-tailed) value is known to be between 0.001 and 0.05, H0 is refused, whereas H1 is approved. The fact that there was a distinction between the pre- and post-tests indicates that employing flashcards to increase vocabulary among seventh-graders at SMP Negeri 2 Toili had an impact.


Download data is not yet available.


S. K. Ningsih, D. Suherdi, and P. Purnawarman, “Secondary School Teachers’ Perceptions of Mobile Technology Adoption in English as a Foreign Language Learning: Trends and Practices,” Int. J. Educ. Pract., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 160–170, May 2022, doi: 10.18488/61.v10i2.3004.

S. B. Neuman and J. Dwyer, “Missing in Action: Vocabulary Instruction in Pre-K,” Read. Teach., vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 384–392, Feb. 2009, doi: 10.1598/RT.62.5.2.

J. C. Richards and W. A. Renandya, “English Language Teaching in the ‘Post-Method’ Era: Toward Better Diagnosis, Treatment, and Assessment,” in Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice, 2002.

J. C. Wise, R. A. Sevcik, R. D. Morris, M. W. Lovett, and M. Wolf, “The Relationship Among Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary, Listening Comprehension, Pre-Reading Skills, Word Identification Skills, and Reading Comprehension by Children With Reading Disabilities,” J. Speech, Lang. Hear. Res., vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1093–1109, Aug. 2007, doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2007/076).

A. Ashtari, S. A. Samadi, F. Yadegari, and G. Ghaedamini Harooni, “The relationship between Iranian maternal verbal responsiveness styles and child’s communication acts with expressive and receptive vocabulary in 13–18 months old typically developing children,” Early Child Dev. Care, vol. 190, no. 15, pp. 2392–2401, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.1080/03004430.2019.1573227.

M. Yan, Y. Li, X. Sun, X. Zhou, Y. Hui, and H. Li, “The roles of decoding and vocabulary in Chinese reading development: Evidence from a 3‐year longitudinal study,” Br. J. Educ. Psychol., vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 300–314, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1111/bjep.12365.

M. Pergar and J. Hadela, “Raising Awareness of the Importance of Reading to Early Childhood and Preschool Age Children through Lifelong Education of Parents / Cjeloživotnim obrazovanjem roditelja do osvještavanja važnosti čitanja djeci rane i predškolske dobi,” Croat. J. Educ. - Hrvat. časopis za Odgoj i Obraz., vol. 22, Jan. 2021, doi: 10.15516/cje.v22i0.3912.

M. Baltzaki and E. Chlapana, “Fostering receptive vocabulary development of kindergarten children with the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT),” Educ. Inf. Technol., Apr. 2023, doi: 10.1007/s10639-023-11707-7.

Harmer, The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman Group UK Limited, 1991.

N. Simatupang, S. Widayati, and S. A. Sholihah, “Application of Singing Activities to Stimulate Children’s Vocabulary Acquisition,” Child Educ. J., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 139–158, Aug. 2022, doi: 10.33086/cej.v4i2.3164.

K. Fleak and D. Cross, “A Practical Handbook of Language Teaching,” Mod. Lang. J., vol. 77, no. 1, 1993.

O. Brien, “English Parts of Speech.” (accessed Oct. 05, 2023).

H. MacFadyen, “Vocabulary and reading comprehension,” Anaales Univ. Apulensis. Ser. Philol., vol. 13, no. 2, 2007.

Ginger, “Verbs,” 2018.

M. Frank, Modern English: A Practical Reference Guide. New York: Prentice Hall, Inc, 1972.

A. Martinet and A. J. Thomson, A Practical English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford university press, 1986.

J. Haycaft, An Introduction to English Language Teaching. London: Longman Group Limited, 1978.

E. Hatch and C. Brown, Vocabulary, semantic, and language education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

X. Zhang and X. Lu, “A Longitudinal Study of Receptive Vocabulary Breadth Knowledge Growth and Vocabulary Fluency Development,” Appl. Linguist., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 283–304, Jul. 2014, doi: 10.1093/applin/amt014.

H. S. Suh, J. L. Tully, M. N. Meineke, R. S. Waterman, and R. A. Gabriel, “Identification of Preanesthetic History Elements by a Natural Language Processing Engine,” Anesth. Analg., vol. 135, no. 6, pp. 1162–1171, Dec. 2022, doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000006152.

K. Madala, S. Piparia, E. Blanco, H. Do, and R. Bryce, “Model elements identification using neural networks: a comprehensive study,” Requir. Eng., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 67–96, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00766-020-00332-2.

V. V. Bakhtin and E. V. Isaeva, “Developing an Algorithm for Identification and Categorization of Scientific Terms in Natural Language Text Through the Elements of Artificial Intelligence,” in 2018 XIV International Scientific-Technical Conference on Actual Problems of Electronics Instrument Engineering (APEIE), Oct. 2018, pp. 386–390, doi: 10.1109/APEIE.2018.8545317.

J. Li et al., “iEnhancer-ELM: improve enhancer identification by extracting position-related multiscale contextual information based on enhancer language models,” Bioinforma. Adv., vol. 3, no. 1, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.1093/bioadv/vbad043.

A. Setiawan and A. N. Hima, “Citra Application: Elements Of Folklore Identification,” Elem. Islam. Teach. J., vol. 9, no. 2, p. 371, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.21043/elementary.v9i2.11764.

L. Cameron, Teaching Language to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

D. Cross, A Practical handbook of language teaching. London: Cassel, 1991.

S. Baleghizadeh and A. Ashoori, “The Impact of Two Instructional Techniques on EFL Learners ’ Vocabulary Knowledge,” Int. J. Lang. Learn. Appl. Linguist. World, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 156–167, 2011.

S. Edwards, 50 Plus One Ways to Improve Your Study Habits. Chicago: Encouragement Press, LLC, 2007.

Y. S. Nugroho, “Improving Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Using Flashcards (A Classroom Action Research at the Fourth Grade of SD Negeri II Watuagung, Baturetno, Wonogiri in the Academic Year 2011/2012),” Sebelas Maret University, 2012.

A. W. Scott and Y. H. . L, Teaching English to Children. New York: Longman, 1990.

A. Muhammad, “The Effectiveness of Using Flashcards in Improving Vocabulary Mastery of The Seventh Grade Students at MTS AL-Khairat Tondo,” University Tadulako, 2019.

M. A. Rahma, “Improving Grade Eight Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Using Flashcards At Mtsn Godean in the Academic Year of 2016/2017,” Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2016.

Y. T. A. Sutresno, “Using Flashcards to Improve 7th Grade Students’ vocabulary: A Classroom Action Research in SMP Maria Immaculata Yogyakarta,” Sanata Dharma University, 2017.

L. R. Gay, G. E. Mills, and P. Airasian, Educational Research : Competencies for Analysis and Application, 8th ed. New Jersey: Rearson Education. Inc, 2006.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2015.

S. Arikunto, Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2013.

S. Santoso, SPSS 22 from Essential to Expert Skills. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2014.

I. S. P. Nation and I. S. P. Nation, Learning vocabulary in another language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.




How to Cite

F. Harianingsih and H. Hastini, “Mastering Vocabulary with Flashcards: Unveiling Their Impact on Learning”, J.Gen.Educ.Humanit., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 337–346, Oct. 2023.